Timor-Leste is the youngest nation in Asia Pacific Region with a population characterized as one of the most youthful in the world. Timor-Leste’s 4th NHDR is a collaborative project between the Government of Timor-Leste, UNDP and Flinders University, Australia. It aims to promote public discussion and policy making around the realization of young age structures, investing in youth and their well-being to benefit from a potential demographic dividend. The report is a tool for evidence based decision making towards improved human development and well-being in Timor-Leste, particularly among the youth.
As a part of the preparation process, the NHDR project has been engaging with a large group of youth from all municipalities through surveys, focus group discussions, in-depth interviews and trainings. One of the major milestones of the NHDR project has been the conduct of a National Youth Well-Being Survey with 800 young people aged between 15 and 34. This survey, rolled out by Timor-Leste’s National Statistical Directorate, has shed light into the state of young people’s well-being in eight aspects of life. The project has also reached out to youth in each municipality and consulted with almost 400 youth (nearly equal participation from young women and men) through focus group discussions.
The project activities enhanced domestic skills and capabilities in understanding, analyzing and interpreting human development, wellbeing and demographic concepts. This was achieved through two set of trainings which were delivered by UNDP in partnership with Flinders University, Australia. The participants of the first training were the Directorate of Statistics staff who conducted the nation-wide youth well-being survey. The participants of the second training entitled ‘Measurement of Human Development and Youth Well-Being in Timor-Leste’ included a wide range of representatives from government institutions, civil society and academia. Apart from capacity building a series of consultative workshops were organised in 2016 and 2017 to gather stakeholder input into the report’s theme, conceptualization of data collection tools and validation of its analysis/recommendations.
- Production of NHDR as a policy making tool: Timor-Leste’s 4th NHDR extensively relies on the most up-to-date and relevant primary data that are collected through field work in 2016 and 2017. More than 1500 individuals including the youth had the opportunity to hear about the report and provide input into its preparation process. The report is informed by a National Youth Well-Being Survey carried out in August 2016 among more than 800 youths, a series of Focus Group sessions conducted in April-June 2017 (17 FGDs consulting with more than 400 youth), four peer-reviewed Technical Background Papers produced by expert authors and Human Development and Well-Being indices calculated by the NHDR team. Individual chapters as well as the whole report were peer reviewed by more than 10 local and international experts and validated for quality and integrity. The report carries significance in terms of undertaking a projection modeling exercise and their policy implications, measuring wellbeing in 8 domains, and introducing concepts such as social entrepreneurship and solidarity economy.
- National Capacity Building: The project enhanced domestic skills and capabilities in understanding, analyzing and interpreting human development, wellbeing and demographic concepts. This was achieved through two set of trainings which were delivered by UNDP in partnership with Flinders University, Australia. In May 2016, more than 30 enumerators (the national staff from Directorate of Statistics) were provided a 4-day technical training and were equipped to roll out well-being type surveys. In November 2016, through a two-day training on ‘Measurement of Human Development and Youth Well-Being in Timor-Leste’ 25 participants from government institutions, civil society and academia attained i- A comprehensive understanding of ‘Human Development’, ‘Demographic Dividend’ and ‘Youth Well-Being’ concepts and their relevant policy implications; ii- Practical skills to measure and interpret Human Development Index, undertake Demographic Dividend and Youth Well-Being Analysis.
- Dissemination of the Report and Advocacy: The official launch, dissemination and advocacy activities are planned to be executed between March and May 2018.