Second National Communication to the UNFCCC

Project background

Timor-Leste ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in October 2006 and Kyoto Protocol to UNFCCC in October 2008. As a party to UNFCCC, Timor-Leste has an obligation to report its National Communication to the Conference of the Parties (COP). (Lee versaun Tetum iha ne'e)

With support from Global Environment Facility (GEF), Australian Aid, and United Nations Development Program (UNDP), Timor-Leste started the development of its Initial National Communication (INC) in 2011, which was submitted the UNFCCC in 2014. This detailed the directions for climate change programmes and integration into achieving climate-resilient development goals.

UNDP is now supporting Timor-Leste to fulfill its commitments and obligations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), by preparing and reporting its Second National Communication (INC) based on the recommended guidelines.

Project activities

  • Ongoing development of the National Inventory of Greenhouse Gases for the period 2011-2017 utilising IPCC guidelines and continuing 2005-2011 data.
  •  Integrated assessment of vulnerability under climate change aspects and adaptation measures for certain development and environment sectors and/or detailed country     specific scenarios.
  • Developing the national Greenhouse Gas (GHG) inventory.
  • Developing a draft National Mitigation Plan (NMP).
  • Developing a nationally determined contributions document
  • Building national capacity on national communications.

Project results

  • Timor-Leste’s INDC have been finalized and submitted to the UNFCCC.
  •  A national level vulnerability analysis conducted.
  •  A pool of 30 GoTL officials trained on sectoral analysis (land use, forestry, waste, energy) of GHG emissions and 15 GoTL officials trained on vulnerability analysis for building local capacity for future national communications.Technical support provided to enhance GoTL’s climate negotiation capacity during UNFCCC COP21, COP22, COP23 and COP 24.
  • National Greenhouse Gas Inventory and National Mitigation Plan (NMP) prepared.
  • Knowledge materials on climate change basics, climate change negotiations and NDC prepared and disseminated.






Project start date:

June 2014

Estimated end date:

January 2020

Focus area:

  • risk reduction
  • Project office:

    UNDP in Timor-Leste

    Implementing partner:

    United Nations Development Programme

    Funding Support by

    Donor name

  • United Nations Development Pro
  • Global Environment Fund Truste
  • Amount contributed


    Delivery in previous fiscal year

    2019 $130,443

    2018 $214,631

    2017 $262,496

    2016 $340,447

    2015 $90,738

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