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Tropical Cyclone Seroja was followed by heavy rains across Timor-Leste from 29 March 2021 to 4 April 2021, resulting in flash floods and landslides affecting all 13 municipalities in Timor-Leste to varying degrees, with the capital Dili and the surrounding low-lying areas the worst -affected.
The global economic downturn due to the COVID-19 pandemic is having a disproportionate impact on low-income and emerging economies. Timor-Leste experienced the largest GDP contraction since its independence, significantly worse than the income loss during the 2006 civil unrest, and the 2017 political deadlock (IMF, 2021) . In March 2021, the Government of Timor-Leste (GoTL) introduced lockdowns and other restriction measures to prevent the spread of COVID-19.